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Otras publicaciones:




This book establishes a close relationship between two cognitive processes: on one hand, recategorization, and, on the other hand, conceptual metaphor and metonymy. Its general objectives are the following ones: (a) to promote a holistic approach to linguistic phenomena that unifies the contributions of various disciplines (grammar, semantics, pragmatics, psycholinguistics, philosophy of language, among others) and (b) to contribute to the scientific field of studies on linguistic change with the development of a theory of metaphor as a primary factor of lexical recategorization. In particular, it aims to: (a) characterize lexical recategorización theoretically as a type of linguistic change, and metaphor and metonymy as the conceptual processes that originate it, (b) demonstrate the relevance of these concepts in the analysis of lexical units extracted from corpus that have undergone a process of nominalization, (c) develop a methodology to analyze this type of units in discourse and explain conceptual processes that produce them and (d) establish a relationship between the two processes at issue. This investigation is based on the next hypothesis: metaphor and metonymy operate as primary factors in lexical recategorizations or word classes’ changes. The issue is addressed from a cognitive-functional approach. The research focuses on a particular category change, nominalization. Theoretical studies are complemented with the analysis of nominalized units that are extracted from a corpus of argumentative journalistic texts. Research methodology consisted in describing and explaining categorical changes found in these units by making explicit metaphorical and metonymic processes that caused them. The analysis result is the hypothesis validation, since the metaphorical and metonymic basis could be determined in all cases.


Metaphor, metonymy, recategorization, nominalization.

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